School of Paramedical Sciences:
The school of paramedical sciences began to work in 1388 (2009) by inauguration of the departments of laboratory sciences and anesthesia in B.S. Later on, the department of surgical technology was also established to expand the academic range in this school. Dr. Zahra Eslamifar and Mr. Reza Ghafaripour have already been appointed as the dean and the deputy in this school respectively.
Dr. Zahra Eslamifar
Dean of School of Paramedical Sciences
Mr. Reza Ghafaripour
Deputy of School of Paramedical Sciences
An introduction to the Departments in the School of Paramedical Sciences
1. Direct B.S. in Laboratory Sciences
The field of Laboratory Sciences is considered as one of the sub-disciplines in medical sciences which is sub-categorized under paramedical fields of study. In this field of study, laboratory analysis of blood, human body tissue and fluids are examined. On this account, it plays an important role in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of various diseases in medical sciences. As a result, it can highly affect the promotion of hygiene in society and reduction in treatment costs.
Previously, this field of study was taught as the field of medical technology in the world universities. However, it was in 1976 that it began to be known as medical laboratory sciences (MLS). This change in name was formed on the basis of the new demands being formed on the practitioners in this major. This field had undergone wide development in parallel with the developments in medical sciences and expansion of diagnostic methods. Today the practitioners in this field of science take the benefit of very accurate and sensitive electronic and automatic systems.
1.1. The objectives of the curriculum
The main objective of the curriculum in the field of MLS is to educate and train experts who are capable of conducting various experiments on clinical samples through complicated electronic system and multifarious methods which are accessible in clinical laboratories in hospitals and hygiene institutions. In other words, the experts practicing this major aid physicians and medical practitioners in diagnosis, treatment, and the maintenance of society health. On the account that, this field of study is undergoing development and improvement, the graduates in this field should be capable of adjusting with innovative and novel technologies.
1.2. Executive strategies
On average, it takes four years to graduate in MLS. The curriculum of this field is planned and programmed in accordance with the educational regulations on direct B.S approved in the supreme board of medical sciences curricular development. In this field of study 130 credits are presented, including 22 generals, 31 basic, 61 specialized, and 16 training credits. The curriculum in this field is arranged in a way that:
1. It can supply the society with its clinical laboratory services.
2. It can provide the country hygiene centers with laboratory services required for health maintenance and prevention issues.
3. Study skills and new theoretical, practical, and training learning should be applied in the curriculum of this field of study.
4. The graduates must be capable of covering various laboratorial services in educational, productive, and research-based services.
5. On account of ongoing changes and developments in laboratorial methods, the graduate should be able to adapt to technological circumstances.
1.3. The role of the alumni
The MLS alumni in B.S level should acquire personal development and scientific thinking style throughout their academic studies. They will be capable of conducting clinical and research-based experiments, as experts, in clinical laboratory centers.
1. Clinical laboratories in governmental and private hospitals.
2. Laboratories in hygiene institutes.
3. Private medical diagnosis laboratories.
4. Research-based and educational centers.
5. Factories where laboratorial equipment and products are produced.
6. Companies which disseminate biologic and laboratorial products.
7. Forensic medical laboratories.
8. Laboratories in Blood Transfusion Organization
9. Laboratories in food and drug industry.
1.4. Future perspectives
The MSL graduates can continue their education in higher levels, M.S. AND Ph.D., in various fields, including biochemistry, hematology, immunology, bacteriology, parasitology, medical virology, mycology, biotechnology, and so on.
1.5. The reverend faculty members in the department of MLS:
1. Dr. Zahra Eslamifar, assistant professor of biochemistry
2. Mr. Reza Ghafaripour, lecturer of mycology
3. Dr. Nooshin Asadmasjedi, assistant professor of toxicology
4. Dr. Mahin Behzadifard, assistant professor of hematology
5. Dr. Behnam Azizolahi, assistant professor of virology
6. Dr. Behnaz Deihim, assistant professor of medical bacteriology
7. Dr. Reza Norouzirad, assistant professor of biochemistry
Dr. Behnaz Deihim
Head of the Department of Laboratory Sciences
2. Direct B.S. in Anesthesia
Anesthesia in B.S. level which is considered as a sub-discipline in medical sciences is classified under the group of paramedical sciences. The main issues in this field includes, paying medical attention to the patients, undergoing general anesthesia and local anesthesia, prior to, throughout, and after the anesthesia under the surgical operations, control and prevention of hospital-acquired infections under the modalities of anesthesia and local anesthesia, providing patients with appropriate psychological conditions, controlling pain, and being efficiently present in cardio pulmonary cerebral resuscitation (CPCR).
From about 150 years ago, anesthesia nurses in American, Canadian, and British universities were educated in a two- year course to obtain qualified preparation for anesthesia services after receiving B.S degree. In our country, Iran, the field of anesthesia was founded in 1354 (1975) and it was by 1385 (2006) when the curriculum for this field was developed in accordance with the ministry of health and medical education application.
2.1. The objectives of the curriculum
It is desired that the graduates in this field are trained as responsible, committed, efficient work forces who are simultaneously well-informed about the current issues. The anesthesia graduates must acquire professional competencies and be familiar with the today science and technology needed for educational and medical attention services based on highest standards. Moreover, the training of the alumni who can collaborate with anesthesiologists in case of educational and medical attention and treatments and take the attention and caring measurements is of the significant objectives in the curriculum of anesthesia. If these training objectives are approached, the favorable attention to the patients undergoing general/local anesthesia prior to, throughout, and after the surgical operation and the acute pain service (APS) and efficient presence in the CPCR team can be attained.
2.2. The executive strategies
On average, it takes four years to graduate in anesthesia. The curriculum of this field is planned and programmed in accordance with the educational regulations on direct B.S approved in the supreme board of medical sciences curricular development. One-hundred and 30 credits are presented in anesthesia, including 24 generals, 90 basic and specialized, as well as 16 training credits. The curriculum in this field is devised in accordance with the following strategies:
1.The alumni in anesthesia can actively function in anesthesia team in CPCR and ACPS.
2.They are also expected to provide citizens and patients with health and safety.
3.They must be capable of handling vital measures and preparations for general/local anesthesia methods for CPR with the least possible side effects
2.3. The alumni role definition
The alumni in this field can function in caring, educational, and research-based roles in society.
2.4. The alumni professional task analysis
· Developing a professional relationship with patients, patients’ relatives, colleagues, and authorities
· Interacting professionally and appropriately with the members of health team, nursing unit, blood bank, radiology and so on
· Constantly updating their knowledge and skills by the current educational methods
· Contributing in practical training of anesthesia associates and other colleagues in related services
· Instructing the patient before and after the anesthesia
· Contribution with health system in conducting surveys and research in various fields of anesthesia
· Contributing with research projects run by official authorities
· Registering patients’ data in his file or cases
· Preparation (cleaning, antisepsis, sterling, and calibrating), maintenance and applying related equipment in accordance with related standards
· Contributing to the examination of the patients for related necessary measures
· Aiding anesthesiologists in anesthesia induction and local anesthesia, caring for and awakening patients
· Contributing to anesthetic and indolence measures and procedures
· Contributing to the controlling air ways in patients
· Protecting and observing patients during different level of anesthesia in various surgical operations
· Observing and evaluation various body systems throughout and after the surgery
· Arranging water and electrolyte, blood transfusion, and use of various common drugs under the supervision of anesthesiologists
· Contributing to treatment measures under critical circumstances in revival team
· Evaluation and observation of safety issues in the anesthesia and operation room, including the prevention of harmful effects of contaminators in operation room, vaporizing substances and gas inhalation, explosion, combustion, electrocute, and other potential harms
· Observing and evaluating possible side effects of anesthesia and reporting them to the specialists
2.5. The alumni future perspectives
· The students of anesthesia can play their role in educational, research-based, governmental, and private hospitals and daily clinics under the direct supervision of anesthesiologists.
· The alumni of B.S in anesthesia can continue their education in each related field, such as M.S in anesthesia education, nursing, and critical care nursing
2.6. The faculty members in the department of Anesthesia
1. Dr. Farhad Naanaei, assistant professor and anesthesiologist
2. Mr. Morteza Habibimoghadam, M.Sc in anesthesia and critical care nursing
3. Mr. Hadi Bahrami, M.Sc in critical care nursing
4. Ms. Zohreh Sekhavatpour, M.Sc in critical care nursing
Mr Morteza Habibimoghadam
Head of the department of Anesthesia
3. Direct B.S in Surgical technology
Surgical technology is a branch of medical sciences. In this field of study, students obtain the expertise knowledge about novel principles related to operation rooms, novel surgical technologies in specialized and super specialized surgeries, and patients control before, throughout, and after the surgery. The alumni in this major are considered as members of hygiene and treatment team who are indeed play their part in the surgical team to aid and conduct a surgical operation with favorable outcomes in surgical operation rooms in hospitals, diagnostic interference centers, and mobile caring centers.
3.1. The Ethics in this Field
Since a patient as a human being has the right to make his own choices regarding his treatment methods, the alumni must protect patient’s human honor from the beginning to the end of surgery in accordance with issues of social justice and Islamic, moral, and individual values because every patient has his/her own physical, psychological, and emotional characteristics and that is how patients can trust them and they can sustain an amazing human relation. Making attempt to reduce patients stress and providing them with their various needs are the keys to prevent many anesthetic side effects; it is only the skillful and informed ST workforces who can handle these responsibilities.
3.2. The objectives
The objective of the curriculum of this field is to train and educate committed, insightful, and efficient workforce who have acquired professional competencies as well as contemporary knowledge and technology to serve the society based on its caring and educational needs and in accordance with the highest standards for maintenance and promotion of health level. This issue can be achieved only through knowledge development, education, and research in the field of surgical technology. Once surgical technology alumni or workforces are trained appropriately, they can shoulder the responsibilities of taking care of patients before, throughout, and after specialized surgery and variety of scopes, controlling and preventing of nosocomial infections, aiding patients psychologically, and maintaining medical systems and equipment.
3.3. The urgent need for the field of ST and professional promotion
Today the significant role of educated ST personnel in hygiene and treatment system is more recognized. The technicians of ST are important members of hygiene team who act in relation with surgeons, anesthesiologists, and nurses to provide patients with favorable medical attention. To function appropriately and professionally in caring occupations necessitates mastery of certain skills and knowledge. As the basis of growth and development in any occupation is founded on education, the ST personnel just like other hygiene team members require application of certain educational standards. Technical advancements like the technologies of light fibers or LASER have resulted in new surgical techniques; consequently, future operation rooms are being prepared for computer, LASER, light fibers, electronic equipment, and robots agreements regarding the required routine attention. In the same vein, vast and outstanding advancements in surgical techniques demand novel technological adjustments and familiarity as well as new defined roles and responsibilities from surgical technicians. Therefore, the current running curriculum will not suffice anymore in the future and that is why surgical operation technicians must be ready for upcoming challenges of advancements.
3.4. Future Perspective
The current curriculum for ST students is developed in accordance with educational standards of the World Association of Surgical Technology and can work for the next ten years regarding the fast advancements of surgical techniques and robotic surgeries. The alumni in this field are going to strengthen their position in diverse fields of surgery. Not only are ST technicians going to function as experts in general issues of operation room but also they are going to provide patients with more efficient and less costly services in order to promote the health level in society and improve the quality of surgeries. As a result, their profession is going to be recognized nationally and internationally.
3.5. General Aims
The curricula for ST is devised so that it can train committed and responsible technicians who manage to promote in parallel to the expansion of the number of surgeries and their related technologies. They also are required to serve the hygienic and treatment needs of society based on advanced scientific knowledge principles.
3.6. Role Definition of the Alumni
The ST alumni can function their roles regarding medical attention, communication, and research issues.
i. Professional duties regarding attention
The roles of circular, first assistant, and scrub person overlap and they cannot be totally separated.
ii. Relationship and communication
· Treating and pacifying relations with patients
· Being in touch with diverse parts related to operation room, including laboratories, blood bank, radiology, medical engineering, marketing, medical equipment and products, and so forth.
· Being in touch with the nursing office and the administrative section of the hospitals
iii. Research duties
· Collaborating with health system in conducting research on various issues related to the field
· Surveying and recognizing patients protective and attentive needs in operation room via collaborating with research measures
· Collaborating with other members of the health team for publication and releasing as well as applying research findings and results
· Surveying and identifying problems in the profession
· Supervising and evaluating taken measures by operation room group and its resulted outcomes
· Supervising and evaluating the scale of achievements
iv. Future perspectives of the career and its labour market
As you know, to be informed about the work market related to the career of a field of study is a necessity. Therefore, if you are going to enter this major, you should be informed that you head good number of occupational choices in this career. The graduates in this field can work in mobile attentive centers and private and public hospitals and clinics as well as offices, surgery sections, operation room, recovery, outpatient surgery centers, radiology, endoscope, LASER therapy, and emergency centers after graduation. this field of study in B.S level lasts for four years. The sum of credits to be passed is 132, including 24 generals, 74 basic and specialized, 18 training credits while 16 credits are in particular for training courses in the field itself.
The graduates in the field of ST can continue their education in M.S. level in the following sub-disciplines in surgical technology, cardiology and thorax, orthopedics and neurology, maxillafacia, ENT, and head and neck, general sub-discipline of ST, urology, gynecology, pediatrics.
The graduates of ST are also allowed to continue their education in M.S level in the following fields:
Medical engineering (bioelectric), medical engineering (biomaterial), epidemiology, evaluation of health technology, hygiene economy, medical information, agronomy, bio-statistics, hygiene education and health promotion, nursing, ICU and NICU, technology of blood circulation, hygiene sciences in nutrition, anatomic sciences, nutrition sciences, technology of health information, physiology, information technology of medicine, the history of medical sciences, health and traffic, medical nanotechnology, medical biotechnology, social welfare, management of hygiene and treatment services, medical education, electronic learning planning in medicine, educational technology in medicine.
The reverend faculty members in the field of ST:
1.Mrs. Leila Kalani, M.Sc in critical care nursing and Ph.D student in nursing
2.Mrs Marzieh Bighdeli Shamloo, M.Sc in medical-surgical nursing and Ph.D student in nursing
3.Mrs Neda Rashidi, M.Sc in surgical technology
Mrs Leila Kalani
Head of the Department of Surgical Technology