The Islamic Republic of Iran, previously known as Persia,locatedin southwestern Asiaand is a large country with an area around 1.648 million km2, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world,with a population of approximately 80 million.Iran is bordered to the north by the Caspian Sea and to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.Particular points of interest include the Alborz Mountains in the north, Zagros Mountains in the west, the Central Desert, the Caspian Sea (the largest enclosed body of water in the world) in the north, Damavand Mount (the largest full cone volcano) near Tehran, water caves, marshes, forests and beautiful islands in the south.Iran has a mostly arid or semi-arid climate. Areas along the Caspian coast in the north have a subtropical climate, while the climate along the southern coastline of the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman is warm and humid. These are all rare natural features which can satisfy every taste. Geographical conditions as well as climate variations have created a wonderful wilderness and many tourist attractions.
Iranhas a long historical and cultural background andis indeed one of the oldest nations in the world, with a history dating back tens of thousands of years. The country's first great city, Susa, was built on the central plateau around 3200 B.C.
Iran holds an important position in international energy security and world economy as a result of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas.
Islam is the religion of nearly 99% of the population. The 1979 Islamic Revolution was a turning point in national resolve to achieve independence, freedom and justice, and the beginning of an upward slope towards modern Islamic civilization and development.
In recent years, young Iranian graduates have achieved successes of international proportions in various scientific and technological fields. Gaining access to the full nuclear fuel cycle and significant advances in stem cell research are worth noting in Iranian scientist’s long list of accomplishments.
Studying in Iran offers a unique international and cross-cultural educational experience in a country where everybody can find much to see and plenty to do.