Dezful (Persian: دزفول, pronounced [dɛzˈfuːl], in local dialect Persian: دسفیل, also Romanized as Dezfūl and Dezfool; also known as Dīzfūland Ab I Diz) is a city and capital of Dezful County, Khuzestan Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 420,000 people in 105,000 families. In 2006, the city had 235,819 inhabitants. Dezful is located 721 kilometers away from the national capital of Tehran and 155 kilometres away from the provincial capital of Ahvaz. The city is located 300 kilometres from the Persian Gulf and is at an altitude of 143 meters. The city is located at the foot of the Zagros Mountains and has a history that dates back to the Sassanian era. The area around Dezful has been home to civilizations for 5000 years.
Located in an area with a history that extends back to ancient civilization, the city houses a bridge that dates back to 300 AD.
Dezful Tourism Attractions
One of the most beautiful lakes in Iran and the world located in the northwest of Dezful and behind the two mountains Shadab and Tengavan and has a beautiful view to the "Shahion" area. The lake provides a good base for water games such as sailing, skiing and swimming. The existence of several small and large islands covered with a lot of trees and wild almonds, gives different scenery to the lake, so that the great island in the middle of a lake with an area of over sixty thousand square meters has
created a beautiful landscape.
The city of Dezful hosts a variety of natural varieties. In the south of the city, there are many beautiful forests with the rich ecosystems. The protected area of Dez includes a shelter and a protected area of Dez. The height of the Dez zone is various and between 40 and 80 meters above sea level, and on both sides of the river, Dez is in the form of two green stripes. The dominant coverage of the area is "Peda trees"( Populus euphratica Oliv), which is suitable both economically and biologically because of its dual, rapid growth.
Other trees and shrubs in this area include Cerim ( Lycium shawii=scientific name), tamarisk, raspberry, mesquites and .... Part of the Dez forests is known as the Abbas Abad grove. Abbas Abad Grove is located near southwest of Dezful about 10 Km is the distance and it extends along the Dez River to the south-east.
Dezful water mills
What is nowadays known as water mills is a collection of water structures used in the past as dams and mills. This collection was constructed in connection with the permanent flow of the Dez river and simultaneously with the formation of the Sassanid city core in the river bed, and in the later stages of the city development, they developed in response to the needs of the new inhabitants of the city. The historical background of the water mills in relation to the structure of the old bridge of Dezful is related to the Sassanid period, but the majority of the existing remnant of mills, which are in three parts of the river, dates back to the historical periods of Safaviea and Qajar. These structures are made of materials such as rubble, brick, and mortar. The architecture of the mill is based on the style of the native architecture of the city and is made as an interconnected set.
Dezful Shevi waterfall
This waterfall in the Zagros Mountains and in the village called "Shevi" is one of the environs of the city of Dezful and near the "Salon" mountain and has a very beautiful environmental diversity, especially in the spring.
Grand Mosque of Dezful
The Dezful Grand mosque after the old Dezful Bridge is the second most important historical monument of Dezful, and in terms of architecture and possession of the bedchamber and stone columns, it is one of the first mosques in the Islamic period that was built in the 3rd century AH. It is based on the architectural principles of the Iwan Karkheh Palace and its current formation (four porches) dates back to the middle of the Safavieh period (1050 AH). Major tile decorations are related to the Qajar period and decorated with lining and geometric patterns. This magnificent mosque has been developed and restored in the seventeenth to twelfth centuries. The walls of the mosque are very large and have stone pillars and the mosque's bedchamber covering is a dome and brick. The altar of the mosque is located in the middle of the mosque and has beautiful stuccos. On the eastern front of the mosque roof, there is a Gharibkhaneh(an asylum for the poor and homeless), in the past it was a place where travelers rested in. This place has become a prayer room which can be called the oldest section of the Grand mosque.
Dezful Cinematic Cultural Complex
Dezful Cinematic Cultural Complex is one of the most beautiful buildings in the city of Dezful. The design of the Dezful Cultural Center was carried out by the engineer Farhad Ahmadi, and in 1367, the project was launched and then developed as a national plan and funded by the serious support of the cinema deputy of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance. The complex was chosen as the selected project at the Roroz Festival in Norway, and it was noted that, in turn, it reflected the fundamental concepts of this field in creating space and using geometry of the material in combination with indigenous materials with used modern technology.
Museum of Anthropology (Kornasion Bath)
The Kornasion Bath (Anthropology Museum) is numbered 8477 in the National Iranian Art Series and is one of the buildings of the Qajar period. This historic place was renovated in the year 1385 by Renovation Organization and Cultural Heritage and it was renamed as an anthropology museum after the process of chaning the property usage. By visiting it, it is possible to know about Dezful's old-fashioned business. This bathroom is located in the center of the “Kornasion” neighborhood in the northern part of the old texture.
The bathroom, with a total area of 880 square meters, has a small entrance with simple bricklaying decorations. The bathroom was divided into two parts: feminine and masculine, each of which was composed of spaces such as entrance hall, locker room, drying cabinet, etc.
Old bridge (Sassanid)
The old bridge of Dezful is the most important historical monument of the city of Dezful, which connects the eastern and western parts. In fact, it is one of the ways of the Jindi Shapur area and the Mesopotamian land, which according to the order of Shapur I of Sassanid, after the victory over the "Valerian" of the Roman Emperor and by the use of Roman prisoners was built in 263 AD and still, nearly 18 centuries after its construction, and despite the various changes that have taken place in its lifetime, it has still remained in its original form, and has been proud of this corner of our land. As mentioned at the beginning of the article, the name of the city of Dezful (Dzhpul) is due to the presence of such a magnificent building. The old bridge of Dezful has been repaired and renovated in various times, due to its importance in the past, including Deylami, Safavid, Qajar and Pahlavi. The historic bridge of Dezful has been preserved for many years and is recognized as the oldest bridge in the world. The bridge is numbered 84 in the national list of works and, according to its age and effectiveness, can be one of the works to be registered in the World Heritage List.
Village of Levess or (liuus)
The village of Levess (Liuus) is located 73 km north of Dezful city in Sardasht district. Despite the passing of many years of life in this historic village, in its ancient context, we still see the way of livelihood, culture and traditions, dialect, customs, and the establishment of various ceremonies in a completely traditional way. In addition to the historic beauty of the houses, this village has natural and virgin attractions, including mountains, beautiful gardens, fruit gardens, riverside, waterfalls, and so on. This village has a special style of architecture that is used to make use of all parts of a building. For example, building columns were used as wheat bins, or the design and materials of the building are in such a way that in different spaces it had the temperature required to store the goods and materials. The public thorough fares have a special feature and was designed to provide speed and health for the pedestrian to reach the area around the village or back home. The plantain and fresh spring beside it, Is one of the beautiful sceneries of this village. From its historical and religious buildings, the tomb of Sayed Valladdin Gosheh, is the ancestor of the Sadat Gosheh and Kazemeini in Dezful.
The tomb of Shah Rokn Addin
In the center of the city of Dezful and near the current Taleghani street, in the heart of the ancient texture of this city, is the tomb of Sahah Rokn Aldin. The owner of the tomb is Seyyed Ali, son of Baha Addin, known as Baba Rokn Addin Vali (Shah Rokn Addin), a pious man of the eighth century AH. The tomb of Shah Rokn Addin has a blue dome that is beautifully embellished with tiling. There are two brick minarets, with a beautiful tiling in front of the entrance door. The entrance porch is seen on the northern side of the building, and the building has concave arches. The tomb of Shah Rokn Addin is located in the center of a place of the same name, and is one of the neighborhoods that has the full elements of a downtown. There is a mosque and a beautiful old bathroom next to the tomb and there is an old seminary adjacent to the tomb, which connects to a tomb with a tiled aisle. The green and beautiful green space of this tomb is known as the "green" jewel of Dezful's old texture. This beautiful and valuable tomb has been registered on the National works List, No.1377.
Tomb of Jacob Laith Saffari
The tomb of Jacob Laith Safari is the first Iranian ruler located in the east of Dezful. Jacob Laith Saffari announced the Persian language as the official language of Iran for the first time since Islam entered Iran again. He made many attempts to take back parts of Iran from the Abbasid caliph, and eventually died in the year 165 AH in the city of Jundishapur Dezful. At present , his tomb is located 12 km from Dezful-Shushtar and in the village of Islamabad near the Jundishapur ancient site. The tomb building is composed of four arches with conic and domical domes in the Seljuk period. The northern portico of his tomb is related to the Timurid period, which was attached to the porch in the Qajar period and the gate is embedded in the main building. The main dome of the mosque is two shells inspired by the shape of the trunk of the palm tree. Because of its historical and cultural significance, it is considered as one of the most valuable historical attractions of Dezful and Khuzestan.
Dez Beach Resort (Ali Kalleh)
In the southern part of Dez Dam and north of Dezful, the beautiful and spectacular coastal resort of Dez (Ali Kalleh) is one of the most important entertainment center of the city of Dezful and Khuzestan in the spring and winter seasons. The clear water and the lively atmosphere of Ali Kalle, especially in the warm seasons, provide a great opportunity to swim and use the relaxing coastal area. In the warm seasons of the year, especially in the days of Norooz, tourists from many different cities of Khuzestan come to Ali Kalleh to use their cool and beautiful atmosphere and spend many nights in the tents on the beach until morning. This welcome led the municipality of Dezful to begin construction of camps for accommodation, the Chogha Zanbil special restaurant, and the creation of a pool for women to use this collection, which has had a good physical development so far.
The shrine of Sabzghaba in the center of Dezful
The shrine of Seyyed Muhammad Ibn Musa Kazem (peace be upon him), is the brother of Imam Reza (peace be upon him ).The shrine of Sabzghaba is considered as the fourth shrine of the household of the Purity in the country, and the lovers of infallibility and purity(refers to The prophet's family)in Dezful and other cities of the country, especially Khuzestan Province, come to Dezful in order to make a pilgrimage to Sabzghaba .
The shrine belongs to the Timurid and Seljuk periods that has been newly developed in recent times, and a beautiful dome has been built for it. Among the other religious places of Dezful which have pilgrims, many of which can be found in the tomb of Ezekial, the father of prophet Daninal, the shrine of Imam Zadeh Rodband, the grandfather of Shah Isma'il Safavid, as well as the shrine of Mohammad Ibn Jaffar Tayyar, the husband of Umm Kulthum, the daughter of Imam Al